Support for same-sex marriage and LGBTQ protections dipped in 2023, survey shows

Trending 2 months ago

The stock of U.S. adults who support same-sex matrimony and laws that protect LGBTQ group from favoritism has dipped successful nan past year, a survey has found.

After steadily expanding complete nan past decade, support for same-sex matrimony dipped to 67% successful 2023 from a grounds precocious of 69% nan twelvemonth before, according to nan study of much than 22,000 U.S. adults, which was conducted by nan nonpartisan Public Religion Research Institute, aliases PRRI, and reported a separator of sampling correction of 0.82%. More than three-quarters of those surveyed (76%) favored laws that protect LGBTQ group from favoritism successful housing, employment and nationalist accommodation, a diminution from a grounds precocious of 80% successful 2022.

Melissa Deckman, PRRI’s main executive, noted that while support for same-sex matrimony and nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ group remains importantly higher than it was a decade ago, nan year-over-year declines amazed researchers.

“You can’t really return a look astatine this study and not statement immoderate declines, particularly among Republicans,” Deckman told NBC News successful an interview. “Party polarization is really driving nan nationalist averages down.”

Democrats are overmuch much apt than Republicans to support same-sex marriage, nan study found. Support among Democrats remained dependable year-over-year astatine 82% successful 2023, while Republican support dipped to 47% from 49% during that clip period. Support for laws that prohibit favoritism against LGBTQ group took an moreover steeper deed among Republicans, dropping to 59% past twelvemonth from 66% successful 2022, while Democratic support remained dependable astatine 89% successful 2023.

A diminution successful support for same-sex matrimony besides appears to beryllium driven by younger adults, aliases those ages 18-29, nan study found. Although a greater stock of younger adults support same-sex matrimony compared pinch older ones — and a greater stock of younger adults place arsenic LGBTQ —  nan stock of young adults who supported same-sex matrimony declined to 71% past twelvemonth from 74% successful 2022 and a grounds precocious of 79% successful 2018.

“There’s been much of an accent connected this thought that LGBTQ authorities person gone excessively acold successful America — they’re proceeding that successful churches that are conservative, they’re seeing connected societal media that’s conservative, connected far-right news sources that are conservative,” Deckman said, referring to those successful nan 18-29 property group. “And that connection is resonating.”

Deckman noted that nan thrust successful declining support from younger adults was not suggestive of an expanding stock of younger adults identifying arsenic Republicans. 

Same-sex matrimony was legalized crossed nan U.S. successful 2015 aft a landmark Supreme Court ruling, Obergefell v. Hodges, wished that authorities bans against specified unions were unconstitutional. Fears that nan Supreme Court mightiness overturn same-sex matrimony authorities person festered aft Roe v. Wade was overturned successful 2022. 

In December 2022, President Joe Biden signed nan Respect for Marriage Act, which enshrined matrimony authorities for same-sex couples into national law. However, that has not stopped authorities lawmakers from trying to spot distant astatine nan right. Just past month, Tennessee Gov. Bill Lee signed a rule that will let nationalist officials successful nan authorities to garbage to execute marriages if doing truthful goes against their beliefs.

PRRI’s study recovered that support for same-sex matrimony is little among respondents surviving successful states wherever same-sex matrimony would not beryllium ineligible if Obergefell v. Hodges were overturned, 64%, compared pinch 72% successful states wherever nan unions would still beryllium legal.

Republican authorities lawmakers crossed nan state person pushed grounds numbers of anti-LGBTQ laws successful legislatures successful caller years. Last year, legislators introduced much than 500 specified measures crossed nan country, including 75 that became law, according to nan American Civil Liberties Union. Many of nan enacted laws restrict entree to gender-affirming attraction for trans minors and limit trans athletes’ expertise to participate connected sports teams that correspond pinch their gender identities.

So acold this year, blimpish lawmakers person introduced much than 475 bills targeting nan LGBTQ community, the ACLU found. The measures see those that would restrict bath use for transgender group and barroom trans group from changing their sexes connected their driver’s licenses. 

For much from NBC Out, sign up for our play newsletter.

Matt Lavietes

Reporter, NBC OUT